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When three million years ago the volcano of Ngorongoro, once as high as Mount Kilimanjaro, through a volcanic eruption collapsed back upon itself a giant caldera arose.
Today the Ngorongoro Crater is with 3000 sq.km, a length of 19 kilometers and a depth of 600 meters the largest not fluted caldera on this planet. Because of its diversity in different eco systems (a mixture of forest, prairie, gorges, lakes and moor in the whole area) and its almost unlimited food supply it offers a home for up to 25.000 mammals throughout the year.
A visit in the Ngorongoro Crater is indispensable for a Safari through the Northern circuit of the Tanzanian National Parks. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area, founded in 1959 and 8300 sq.km at all, is a prime example for balancing tourism, nature protection and grazing management. The crater floor itself is worth a visit throughout the year. Wild animals like hippos, cheetahs, elephants, zebras, spotted hyenas, around fifty lions, leopards, buffaloes, wildebeest, ostriches, antelopes and the endangered last black rhinos can be found here.
The beauty of the gigantic countryside of the Crater makes Ngorongoro definitely to one of the most impressive places to be on your Safari. The Ngorongoro Crater is not without reason commonly called the 8th wonder of the world.